Ecology and Evolution

The list below contains a sample of some of the common career paths chosen by ecology and evolution majors. The skills you develop as an undergraduate (i.e., communication, analytical/problem solving, teamwork) may be used in many different occupations. However, most majors tend to seek work in the science and environment fields.

COMMON CAREER PATHS:

Environmental
Environmental Policy Planner
Hazardous Waste Specialist
Impact Specialist
Environmental Health & Safety Manager
Water Quality Engineer
Environmental Analyst
Land Use Analyst
Soil and Water Conservationist
Wetlands Conservationist
Forest Products Specialist
Renewable Energy Consultant
Pollution Control Engineer
Remediation Specialist
Field Technician
Lobbyist
Natural Resource Manager

Marine Biology
Ocean Researcher
Marine Mammologist
Fish Hatchery Worker
Aquarium Specialist 

Science Illustrator

Government
City Planner
Urban/Regional Planner

Teaching
Outdoor Educator/Naturalist
High School Teacher
Community College Teacher
Professor

Wildlife/Wilderness
Forester
Zoo Keeper
Field Researcher
Fish and Game Warden
Park Naturalist
Wildlife Biologist

Plant Science
Horticulturalist
Agriculture Scientist
Botanist
Plant Pathologist

Technical Writer

SAMPLE EMPLOYERS:

Federal Government 

  • Department of Agriculture 
  • Fish and Wildlife Service 
  • Bureau of Land Management 
  • Forest Service 
  • Geological Survey 
  • Environmental Protection Agency 
  • National Institute of Health 
  • National Parks 
  • Department of Energy 

Health Department
Land Development

Landscaping Companies 
Mining Operations
Zoos, Aquariums, Botanical Gardens
K-12 Schools, Colleges, Universities
Nonprofit organizations
State/County Parks
Fish Hatcheries
State and Local Agencies
Wildlife Preserves
Wastewater Treatment Facilities
State/County Water Management

PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS:

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
American Institute of Biological Sciences
Ecological Society of America
Academy of Board Certified Environmental Professionals
American Aquarium and Zoo Association

JOB WEB SITES: (see Career Center for extensive list)

Environmental Career Center
Student Conservation Association
Marine Careers
Fish and Wildlife
Forest Service
USGS
Environmental Careers Organization
State Water Resources

JOB PREPARATION STRATEGIES:

  • Obtain lab and field experience via coursework and internships
  • Develop strong computer skills
  • Take courses in specific areas
  • Develop strong oral and written communication skills